Baseline Study of Cultural Heritage along the East Africa Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) Project, Mtukula, Kagera to Chongoleani, Tanga in Tanzania

As part of the social baseline survey for the East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP), E. Ichumbaki was consulted by COWI Tanzania Ltd to conduct baseline survey for the archaeology and cultural heritage of the impacted area. Here we report the results of archaeology and cultural heritage surveys undertaken at Marine Storage Terminal (MST) and along the pipeline on the Tanzanian side. The survey was undertaken from 21st January to 3rd March 2018 with the view to ‘ground proof’ the features and archaeology/cultural heritage sites recorded through imagery and LiDAR sources of the East Africa Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) project. Identification and documentation of the scatters of archaeological and cultural heritage sites found at MST and along the pipeline was accomplished through desktop study, consultation with some local residents and, site surveys or ground walkover techniques. No any test excavation was undertaken to understand the nature, extent and chronology of the recorded sites. Various archaeological sites ranging from Stone Age, Iron Age and abandoned settlements were identified and recorded. Results of the conducted surveys indicate that the project area has a good number of archaeological sites, some of which are of national importance (national monuments) and could probably be included in the national register. For more information about this study and a complete report contact us.